主页EIPs
EIPsEIP-155
EIP-155

Simple replay attack protection

FinalStandards Track: Core
创建时间: 2016-10-14
Vitalik Buterin (@vbuterin)
原文链接编辑
1 分钟了解

相关视频
欢迎补充好内容
去提交
正文

Hard fork

Spurious Dragon

Parameters

  • FORK_BLKNUM: 2,675,000
  • CHAIN_ID: 1 (main net)

Specification

If block.number >= FORK_BLKNUM and CHAIN_ID is available, then when computing the hash of a transaction for the purposes of signing, instead of hashing only six rlp encoded elements (nonce, gasprice, startgas, to, value, data), you SHOULD hash nine rlp encoded elements (nonce, gasprice, startgas, to, value, data, chainid, 0, 0). If you do, then the v of the signature MUST be set to {0,1} + CHAIN_ID * 2 + 35 where {0,1} is the parity of the y value of the curve point for which r is the x-value in the secp256k1 signing process. If you choose to only hash 6 values, then v continues to be set to {0,1} + 27 as previously.

If block.number >= FORK_BLKNUM and v = CHAIN_ID * 2 + 35 or v = CHAIN_ID * 2 + 36, then when computing the hash of a transaction for purposes of recovering, instead of hashing six rlp encoded elements (nonce, gasprice, startgas, to, value, data), hash nine rlp encoded elements (nonce, gasprice, startgas, to, value, data, chainid, 0, 0). The currently existing signature scheme using v = 27 and v = 28 remains valid and continues to operate under the same rules as it did previously.

Example

Consider a transaction with nonce = 9, gasprice = 20 * 10**9, startgas = 21000, to = 0x3535353535353535353535353535353535353535, value = 10**18, data='' (empty).

The "signing data" becomes:

0xec098504a817c800825208943535353535353535353535353535353535353535880de0b6b3a764000080018080

The "signing hash" becomes:

0xdaf5a779ae972f972197303d7b574746c7ef83eadac0f2791ad23db92e4c8e53

If the transaction is signed with the private key 0x4646464646464646464646464646464646464646464646464646464646464646, then the v,r,s values become:

(37, 18515461264373351373200002665853028612451056578545711640558177340181847433846, 46948507304638947509940763649030358759909902576025900602547168820602576006531)

Notice the use of 37 instead of 27. The signed tx would become:

0xf86c098504a817c800825208943535353535353535353535353535353535353535880de0b6b3a76400008025a028ef61340bd939bc2195fe537567866003e1a15d3c71ff63e1590620aa636276a067cbe9d8997f761aecb703304b3800ccf555c9f3dc64214b297fb1966a3b6d83

Rationale

This would provide a way to send transactions that work on Ethereum without working on ETC or the Morden testnet. ETC is encouraged to adopt this EIP but replacing CHAIN_ID with a different value, and all future testnets, consortium chains and alt-etherea are encouraged to adopt this EIP replacing CHAIN_ID with a unique value.

List of Chain ID's:

CHAIN_IDChain(s)
1Ethereum mainnet
2Morden (disused), Expanse mainnet
3Ropsten
4Rinkeby
5Goerli
42Kovan
1337Geth private chains (default)

Find more chain ID's on chainid.network and contribute to ethereum-lists/chains.

扩展阅读
欢迎补充好内容
去提交
相关项目
欢迎补充好内容
去提交

不想错过最新的 EIP 动态?

订阅 EIPs Fun 周刊以跟进相关更新,建⽴你与 EIP 之间的连接 ,更好地建设以太坊。

详情
聚集 EIP 贡献者, 扩展以太坊
资源
GitHub
支持社区