eth/68 - Add tx type to tx announcement
EIP-5793 proposes adding a new version of the Ethereum wire protocol, eth/68, that includes a new field for transaction type in the transaction announcement message. This change will make the protocol future-proof for new transaction types and give receiving nodes better control over the data they fetch from peers. The change does not require a hard fork and is backwards compatible with older clients that can continue using protocol version eth/67. There are no security considerations associated with this proposal.
The Ethereum Wire Protocol defines request and response messages for exchanging data between clients. The
NewPooledTransactionHashes message announces transactions available in the node. This EIP extends this announcement message such that beside the transaction hashes, the node sends the transaction types and their sizes (as defined in EIP-2718) as well.
NewPooledTransactionHashes message announces transaction hashes, allowing the peer to selectively fetch transactions it does not yet have.
EIP-4844 introduces a new transaction type for blob transactions. Since these blob transactions are large, naively broadcasting them to
sqrt(peers) could significantly increase bandwidth requirements. Adding the transaction type and the size to the announcement message will allow nodes to select which transactions they want to fetch and also allow them to load balance or throttle peers based on past behavior.
The added metadata fields will also enable future - upgradeless - protocol tweaks to prevent certain transaction type (e.g. blob transactions) or certain transaction sizes (e.g. 128KB+) from being blindly broadcast to many peers. Enforcing announcements only and retrieval on demand would ensure a much more predictable networking behavior, limiting the amplification effect of transaction propagation DoS attack.
NewPooledTransactionHashes (0x08) message:
[hash_0: B_32, hash_1: B_32, ...]
[types: B, [size_0: P, size_1: P, ...], [hash_0: B_32, hash_1: B_32, ...]]
types element refers to the transaction types of the announced hashes. Note the
transaction types are packed as a 'byte array' instead of a list.
size_1 etc. elements refer to the transaction sizes of the announced hashes.
This change will make the
eth protocol future-proof for new transaction types that might not be relevant for all nodes. It gives the receiving node better control over the data it fetches from the peer as well as allow throttling the download of specific types.
types message element is a byte array because early implementations of this EIP
erroneously implemented it that way. It was later decided to keep this behavior in order
to minimize work.
This EIP changes the
eth protocol and requires rolling out a new version,
eth/68. Supporting multiple versions of a wire protocol is possible. Rolling out a new version does not break older clients immediately, since they can keep using protocol version
This EIP does not change consensus rules of the EVM and does not require a hard fork.
Copyright and related rights waived via CC0.
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